Labor safety work in the construction of the hotte

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Labor safety work in the construction of existing lines

I. labor protection safety measures for all personnel engaged in operation on existing lines

1. Strictly abide by labor discipline and operation discipline, seriously implement the rest guarantee system, have a full rest before work, and prohibit drinking before and during work; It is strictly forbidden to leave the post, cross the post, take over or change the shift without permission, and do things unrelated to work

2. New, transferred and promoted employees must receive pre job safety education and training. Only after passing the training and examination can they work alone. Apprentices, interns and cadres shall not take up their posts alone during the period of labor and study

3. Crane operators, special operators, mechanical equipment and tool operators must work with certificates

4. Work must be dressed according to the regulations, wear protective equipment and use protective equipment correctly, and strictly implement the safety technical operation procedures

5. It is strictly forbidden to walk on the track. For example, when walking on the shoulders on both sides, the tools resisted shall not invade the gauge. When crossing the line, we must achieve "one stop, two views and three passes", strictly rush over, drill the car or cross the gap between the two cars, and it is strictly prohibited to walk in the center of the road or on sleepers, and it is strictly prohibited to pick up the locomotive and take the car instead of walking

at present, the electronic tensile testing machine is widely used

6. It is strictly forbidden for operators to jump, drill, pick up, and transfer tools and materials under the car and on the coupler. It is not allowed to sit on the rail, rail pillow and ballast bed slope during rest. Do not take shelter from the rain and cool under the car. When bypassing and stopping vehicles, the distance should not be less than 15m, and attention should be paid to vehicle dynamics and trains approaching the line. 2. Line operation and performance indicators of Jinan gold testing machine. Tensile testing machine can measure a series of strength indicators and plasticity indicators of materials. Safety technical measures for avoiding vehicles

1. When operators find a vehicle coming or hear the incoming signal sent by the guard, they should immediately restore line equipment and get off the road to avoid vehicles, The distance from the outside of the steel rail head shall not be less than 10m

2. When the main line train in the section or station comes, it should get off at a distance of 800m; When the train runs slowly, it can get off the track at a distance of 500m; When there is no special person to protect, when working on double track and station lines, it should be 500m away from the train; If there is a specially assigned person for protection, you may not get off the track, but you must stop the operation. The personnel should stand near the inner side of the rail near the line. No personnel should stay between the two lines, and pay attention to the vehicles coming from this line. If the lookout conditions are poor, you must get off the track. When the traffic coming from the turnout group operation is unknown, you must get off the road and avoid in a safe area

3. The on-site protection personnel and the station liaison personnel should use effective communication means to strengthen contact, accurately grasp the train operation, timely notify the construction personnel, and the construction machines and tools should get off the road to avoid vehicles

4. The protective personnel must carry complete protective equipment, carefully perform their duties, concentrate, stand in a place convenient for observation, carefully protect, timely contact and master the train operation and the running time of the train in the operation section, timely notify the operators to avoid the train, and do nothing else unrelated to protection

5. In case of fog or rain during operation, all machines and tools should be placed outside the gauge and take shelter from the rain in a safe place. It is not allowed to take shelter under tall buildings, beside electric poles, under big trees, places prone to electric shock or culverts

III. safety technical measures for work at heights

1. Safety signs and various facilities for work at heights should be checked before use

2. Materials used in high-altitude operation shall be stacked stably, and shall not obstruct the passage, and shall not stack items exceeding the allowable load. Objects, leftover materials and waste materials removed from high places shall not be thrown down

3. When working at an altitude of 2m above the ground and on steep slopes, you must wear a helmet, fasten a safety belt or safety rope, and do not wear nails or slippery shoes

4. The safety belt should be hung on a solid object. It is strictly forbidden to hang several safety belts on the same object or several people on a safety rope; Protective fence and safety shall be set up for edge operation

IV. seasonal construction safety technical measures

1. During field operation in flood and thunderstorm seasons, the following requirements shall be met

(1) when digging ditches and pits, the safety of river channels, ditches, roads, railways and other facilities shall be ensured, and backfilling and compaction shall be carried out in time

(2) in thunderstorm weather, it is not allowed to take shelter from the rain at the culvert entrance or under a single tree, and it should be far away from the high-voltage line

(3) the drainage system of the existing line must be unblocked during construction

2. For construction in high temperature season, heatstroke prevention and cooling work should be done according to labor protection regulations

VI. safety technical measures for preventing power connection in the construction of existing lines

1. When working in the track circuit section and near the insulation joint, metal machines and tools without insulation devices or with poor insulation devices shall not be used

2. Metal objects shall not be carried on two rails

3. When working on roads and bridges or digging ditches and taking soil on both sides of the road, it should be prevented from breaking and mixing the power transmission and transformation wires and cables

4. Prevent the connection of the rail fastening beam, the connection of the reinforced concrete slab reinforcement head at the crossing, the connection of the flashing protruding at the rail end, the connection of the running wheel of the monorail car, the fixed frame and other machines and tools when passing through the insulated joint, the connection of the turnout accessories falling off, the connection of the scattered steel rails, spikes and other metal objects on the road by vibration, and so on

labor safety protection measures

(I) prevent vehicles

1. Crossing the line must be "one stop, two views, three connections"

2. Work on the line must be protected according to regulations, wear yellow protective vests (clothes), pay attention to lookout and avoid vehicles safely

3. Crane operators should strictly implement the personal safety standards issued by the Ministry

4. It is forbidden to drill under the vehicle

5. It is strictly forbidden to pick up and ride on locomotives and vehicles

6. It is strictly forbidden to sit, lie, stand or walk on the steel rail, under the car, on the sleeper wood or in the center of the track

(II) prevent falling from height

1. When working at heights, you must wear safety helmets and use safety belts (ropes,) as required

2. Scaffolds must be erected as required, and machines, facilities and supplies must be confirmed to be in good condition before operation

3. It is forbidden to work at heights in strong winds of force 6 or above

4. It is strictly forbidden for people with contraindications to work at heights

5. When climbing, sweeping, wiping, erecting and stacking, protection must be set under the working surface

(III) prevent electric shock

1. When repairing electrical equipment, you must operate with a certificate and wear protective articles as required

2. Electrical equipment and lines must be kept in good condition. It is forbidden to use all kinds of hand-held electric tools and mobile equipment without electric shock protector

3. It is strictly forbidden to work under the high-voltage line

4. The power equipment operation must implement the monitoring system according to the regulations, and hang the "no switching on and manned operation" sign; 5. All kinds of vehicles and equipment passing or used in the Electrification Section shall not exceed the rolling stock gauge, and the distance between all operators and tools and the live parts must be kept at least 2m. It is forbidden for construction personnel to directly or indirectly contact with wires and their connecting parts

6. When using electromechanical equipment such as generators and air compressors within 5m of contact, good grounding devices shall be set, and obvious signs and protective measures shall be set at possible live parts

7. It is forbidden to wash mechanical equipment with water casually in the electrification section

8. Construction tools and machines shall not contact two rails at the same time, and the insulated connection at both ends of the rail is also included in the transportation head

9. It is forbidden to use a metal ruler without insulating material in the middle when measuring the gauge. It is forbidden to drag a metal ruler or iron wire on the ground or cross two rails

(IV) prevent objects from hitting

1. When entering the operation area, you must use labor protection articles such as safety helmets as required

2. Do not throw down materials and tools during high-altitude and double-layer operations; When there are no isolation facilities, it is strictly forbidden to work vertically at the same time on two layers

3. When the train passes, it must face the train to avoid being injured by falling objects

4. When handling heavy, large and long objects, there must be a special person to command and coordinate the action

(V) prevent the injury of machines and tools

1. All kinds of machines and tools must have practical safety operation procedures

2. Machines and equipment shall not be operated with disease or overload, and safety protection devices must be complete and good

(VI) prevent explosion of explosives, boilers and pressure vessels

to prevent explosion injury of explosives, boilers and pressure vessels, operations and storage must be carried out in strict accordance with relevant regulations, operators must operate with certificates, and pressureless equipment and facilities are strictly prohibited from operating under pressure

IV. emergency measures

set up hazard signboards at the construction site, and indicate the names of the construction director of the construction site, the on-site safety officer, and the person in charge of the equipment unit. In case of an accident, immediately report it to the construction director, who will contact the property right unit for joint rescue

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